Grounded in black feminist scholarship and activism (e.g., Collins, 1990; Combahee River Collective, 1977; hooks, 1984) and formally coined in 1989, by black legal scholar Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, intersectionality has been used across a significant number of disciplines. The key to interrogating systems of inequity and inequality is an understanding that social relationships are intersectional, meaning that the multiple dimensions involved in inequality are complex, overlapping, and intertwined with existing structural power arrangements. By applying an intersectional lens to explore social conditions such as poverty that shape or contextualize lived experiences, scholars from multiple disciplines contribute to developing and placing new knowledge into action by deconstructing old myths such as poor are lazy and recommending solution-driven policy changes. Generally speaking, intersectionality is an analytic strategy that is characterized by the following assumptions:
- The experiences and struggles of historically excluded and disenfranchised groups have been shaped by multiple institutional sectors, such as schooling, that influence their life choices and access to the opportunity structure;
- The nature of power relations and its implementation in maintaining interconnected structures of inequality affect individual and group identities and experiences;
- Mutually co-constituted identities of race, ethnicity, class and gender are identity markers in U.S. and are inscribed in institutional structures that construct negative representations of historically colonized groups
- Knowledge production efforts promote social justice and social change by linking research and practice, thus creating a holistic approach to the reduction of social inequality in U.S. society.
USING THIS DATABASE
The Consortium on Race, Gender and Ethnicity (CRGE) launched the Intersectional Research Database (IRD) in 2005 as the only online searchable compilation of research that examines patterns of inequality. This database remains a rich collection of bibliographical resources on interdisciplinary, intersectional empirical literature. The database contains scholarship using a large number of methodological approaches that examines the intersections of race, gender, ethnicity, and other dimensions of inequality. The IRD is a free, online service to scholars committed to superior quality interdisciplinary work on how intersections of difference construct and shape everyday life. Users can access the database through our Zotero Group Library to search, narrow entries by topic, or browse all entries. Each entry contains a citation of a book or article and either an abstract or an annotation written by the CRGE research team.
Please take some time to explore the database, and visit often, as the amount of material it contains is continually expanding. We welcome your comments and feedback, as the database continues to grow.
Since this database is interdisciplinary, it is also fitting that the bibliographical resources and subsequent annotations are provided by a community of interdisciplinary scholars in social sciences, arts, and humanities. The IRD is the result of the dedicated hard work of undergraduate students, graduate students, and faculty since its inception in 2005. CRGE gratefully acknowledges the exemplary work of these emerging student scholars:
|DB Bauer||Lynette Boswell||Melva Coles||Maren Cummings||Patrick Grzanka|
|Alyssa Hill||Clare Jen||Lenora Knowles||Bianca Laureano||Tanesha Leathers|
|Laura A. Logie||Vanessa Lopez||Keeley McGill||Anaya McMurray||Angel Miles|
|Tamyka Morant||Ana Perez||Eva Peskin||Manouchka Poinson||Nikki Stewart|
|Miguel Turcios||Maria Velazquez|