Grounded in black feminist scholarship and activism (e.g., Collins, 1990; Combahee River Collective, 1977; hooks, 1984) and formally coined in 1989, by black legal scholar Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, intersectionality has been used across a significant number of disciplines.  The key to interrogating systems of inequity and inequality is an understanding that social relationships are intersectional, meaning that the multiple dimensions involved in inequality   are complex, overlapping, and intertwined with existing structural power arrangements. By applying an intersectional lens to explore social conditions such as poverty that shape or contextualize lived experiences, scholars from multiple disciplines contribute to developing and placing new knowledge into action by deconstructing old myths such as poor are lazy and recommending solution-driven policy changes. Generally speaking, intersectionality is an analytic strategy that is characterized by the following assumptions:

Using this Database

The Consortium on Race, Gender and Ethnicity (CRGE) launched the Intersectional Research Database in 2005 as the only online searchable compilation of research that examines patterns of inequality. This database remains a rich collection of bibliographical resources on interdisciplinary, intersectional empirical literature. The database contains scholarship using a large number of methodological approaches that examines the intersections of race, gender, ethnicity, and other dimensions of inequality. The Intersectional Research Database is a free, online service to scholars committed to superior quality interdisciplinary work on how intersections of difference construct and shape everyday life. Users can search, narrow entries by topic, or browse all entries. Each entry contains a citation of a book or article and an annotation written by the CRGE research team.

Please take some time to explore the database, and visit often, as the amount of material it contains is continually expanding. We welcome your comments and feedback, as the database continues to grow.


Since this database is interdisciplinary, it is also fitting that the bibliographical resources and subsequent annotations are provided by a community of interdisciplinary scholars in social sciences, arts, and humanities. The Intersectional Research Database is the result of the dedicated hard work of both graduate students and faculty since its inception in 2005. CRGE gratefully acknowledges the exemplary work of these emerging student scholars:

Clare Jen Keeley McGill Bianca Laureano Angel Miles Melva Coles
Laura A. Logie Manouchka Poinson Tanesha Leathers Patrick Grzanka Alyssa Hill
Maren Cummings Lynette Boswell Tamyka Morant Maria Velazquez
Anaya McMurray Vanessa Lopes Ana Perez Nikki Stewart